Tag Archives: PCT national phase filing india

PCT出願に次ぎインドにおける国内特許出願をファイリング

PCT (特許協力条約) 出願は、一般的に「国際出願」と認識され、目標であるPCT加盟国において特許出願人がファイリングする特許出願を優先日から30ヶ月あるいは31ヶ月以内に促進させるものである。

PCT出願に基づく各PCT加盟国においてファイリングされた特許出願はあまねく「国内段階出願」と呼ばれている。

タイムライン

インドでは、国内段階出願はPCT出願の優先日から31ヶ月以内にファイリングすることができるにしても、時間が延長できない。 

必要な言語

インドにおける国内段階出願は英語またはヒンディ語(公式言語)で行うことができる。ヒンディ語は一つのオプションでありながら、インド人の出願人まで特許出願をファイリングする際に英語の方を選択するということで、実際的には、英語で国内段階出願をファイリングした方がいいと思われている。

英語で翻訳された優先権書類はPCT出願の優先日から31ヶ月以内にファイリングしなければならないということに注目すべきである。

審査

インド特許局(IPO) は、出願人が審査請求を行ってから国内段階出願を待ち行列に入れるため、なるべく早く審査申請を行うことが勧められている。

出願人は、優先日から48ヶ月以内に審査申請を行うことができる。48ヶ月以内に審査申請を行えない状況になったら、特許出願が失敗になる恐れがある。

一方、出願人が31ヶ月前に国内段階出願をファイリングすることに成功して審査申請を行ったとしても、IPOはその国内段階出願を31ヶ月後のみに待ち行列に入れることにする。もし、出願人がIPOに国内段階出願を31ヶ月前にしてほしいならば、料金(上表に記載されている)を支払ってエクスプレスリクエストをすることが勧められている。

出願は審査の行列を入れられた場合は、IPOが最初の審査報告書(FER)審査請求日から6ヶ月以内に送付されることになっている。しかし、IPOの仕事量によって、実際は審査報告書が送付されるまで、もっと長い時間を要する。

FERが一旦発行されたら、出願人が審査員による異議を解決する期間は12ヶ月となる。 法定費用は特許出願人の類別によって決められている。インド特許局(IPO)は出願人を3つに分けている。

1.            自然人

2.            非自然人

3.            非自然人– 非小規模団体

特許を出願する個人は自然人とされる。一方、団体は他の2つの類別に属する。

1.         非自然人– 小規模団体

2.         非自然人– 非小規模団体

 

例えば、会社といった法人団体はこういう類別に属する。1通の特許出願には複数の出願人が存在する場合があって、その中では第一類に属しない出願人が存在したとしても、この特許出願をファイリングする出願人は他の類別に属すると考えられている。

非自然人である出願人は下記の2つの類別に属する。

1.         非自然人– 小規模団体

2.         非自然人– 非小規模団体

特許局は自然人の出願人から最低限の料金を、非自然人–非小規模団体の出願人から最大限の料金を徴収する。また、特許局が非自然人–非小規模団体の出願人から徴収する料金は非自然人–小規模団体の出願人が支払う額の2倍である。非自然人の出願人が「小規模団体」資格を請求する場合は、こちらをご覧ください。

国内段階出願をファイリングするためのIPO費用は下記の通りである:

PCT-NP-IPO-Japanese

 

Indian Patent Filing Cost Calculator

特例

仕様修正

IPOによってファイリングされる特許仕様はWIPOにおけるPCTの下でファイリングされるものと同じでなければならない。PCTの下でなされた修正案19及び34は IPOに通用するとされている。

国内段階出願をファイリング際に、出願人が修正された仕様(PCT仕様と比較)のファイリングを希望する状況がある。そういう状況では、最初からPCTの下でその仕様をファイリングしておかなければならない。そうすれば、出願人は所定の手数料を支払って、特許仕様を修正する出願に加えて、修正された仕様をファイリングすることができる。

この文章によって、インドにおける国内段階出願をファイリングする際のニュアンスをご理解いただきたいと存じております。下記の文章をお気に召されたら幸いでございます:

·         インドの特許システムにおける事業説明の重要さ 

·         インドの特許における急所 – 説明と事業    

·         インドにおける特許出願の流れ/プロセス      

·         インドにおける特許のタイムライン      

·         インドでは、特許出願をファイリングしてから審査を受けるまでどのくらいかかる?      

InvnTreeには国内段階出願及び訴追の専門家が在籍しております。お手伝いが必要な場合は、contact@invntree.com にてお気軽にお知らせください。

敬具

Team InvnTree

Patent Office India Published Patent and Design registration Information June 6th, 2014

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Patent Office India Published Patent and Design registration Information June 27th, 2014

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Patent Office India Published Patent and Design registration Information June 13th, 2014

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Patent Office India Published Patent and Design registration Information May 30th, 2014

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Patent Office India Published Patent and Design registration Information May 23rd, 2014

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Patent Office India Published Patent and Design registration Information May 16th, 2014

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Patent and Design Office India Published Patent registration Information May 9th, 2014

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Patent Office India Published Patent and Design registration Information May 2nd, 2014

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Patent Office India Published Patent and Design registration Information April 25th, 2014

Indian Patent Office publishes patent information on a weekly basis (on Friday each week). This is a public notification, enabling you to take appropriate action if desired. Data sourced from Indian Patent Office by Team InvnTree. The attached Pdf can be downloaded here  and can also be accessed  below. If you would like to get weekly email updates of  Indian Patent office's published patent information, Subscribe to this service free of cost

The publication includes published patent applications, design registration and granted patents, among other information, for the week of  April 25th, 2014

You may go through this publication, and if you find patent information that has an impact on your business, then you may take appropriate actions, such as:

1.    File pre-grant opposition on filed patents

2.    File post-grant opposition on granted patents
I hope you find this data helpful. Check our patent services  page to find out if we cater to your needs.
 
In addition to providing other India specific patent services, InvnTree provides patent services such as, PCT National Phase filing in India
 
Also, feel free to contact us or ask us  a question and have it answered within 24 hours.

This work is licensed under a  Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License